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Mount Capo Graziano - Filicudi Island

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This is Mount capo Graziano, in the south east portion of Filicudi. The houses at the bottom of the picture are located in "La Guardia".
Upon it there's the beautiful neolithical village.

The very same place seen from Porto.
On the extreme left of that picture, at sea level, are located the ancient "grinding mill stones" carved by ancient inhabitants of Filicudi in the rock.

Monte Capo Graziano Here's the Neolithic village, upon Mount Capo Graziano.
It's the subtle terrace you see in bright colors in the mountain.
This pic is shot from Valle di Chiesa.
It takes about 10 minutes to climb up to the neolithic village shown in the following picture..

About the neolithic village of Capo Graziano Mount .

Like the other Aeolian islands, Filicudi must have been home to groups of permanent inhabitants from the Late Neolithic, around 3000 B.C.
At the beginning of the Bronze Age, perhaps even before the end of the III millennium, a large settlement rose up on the island, without doubt populated by newcomers from afar, who settled there and whom we believe we may identify as the Aeolians of legend, whose name the islands still carry.

Picture: Neolithic Village of Capo Graziano, in Filicudi, in Stereoscopic 3D format.
How to dive into this picture. Yes.. I know.. it is a great 3d shot, thank you ;-)
Filicudi 3D Capo Graziano Neolithic Village Bronze Age
This is one of the most extensive prehistoric settlements of the Aeolian Islands (Piana del Porto - Casa Lopez).

After some centuries, that is, at the beginning of the II millennium B.C., the settlement moved up from the indefensible seashore ("Piana del porto" near, capo graziano beach) to the summit of the mount of Capo Graziano (), a rocky cupola with almost completely inaccessible slopes which formed a veritable natural fortress: a much less hospitable position, but one which could much more easily be defended.
Evidently this move was imposed by a change in the political situation in the Lower Tyrhennian and by the emergence of serious preoccupations with defence amongst the coastal populations.

Neolitical Village upon mount Capo graziano(click to enlarge this emage the image)

The excavations carried out between 1956 and 1969 were concentrated upon a large terrace on the western flank of the mount, at a height of around 100 metres.
Here a little under thirty huts were brought to light, built very close together in keeping with a large population and a limited available space.

 

 

 

They are oval huts, some with a "fishbone" structure following a Helladic tradition which, along with the type of huts and the pottery forms, would seem to correspond to the Protohelladic III of Greece. Those "houses" had straw roofing.
Filicudi Neolitic house. Archeology in Capo Graziano!

Fragments of Protomycenaean painted pottery of style I and II offer a very precise dating element and allow us to perceive that the cultural facies of Capo Graziano continued to evolve until the passage of the Mycenaean II style to the Mycenaean III, that is, until around 1430 B.C. (I know.. this seems too archeo-techy-stuff...sorry!)

Ove the levels of the culture of Capo Graziano are superimposed those of the culture of Milazzese, characterised by quite different pottery of Sicilian origin.
Numerous fragments of imported Aegean pottery are also found in the huts of this new phase, but they are now in the Mycenaean III A1 style, that is, belonging to the end of the XV and the beginning of the XIV century B.C.

After the destruction of this last village, which may be related to the Ausonian conquest of the islands, the whole island of Filicudi appears to have remained deserted for many centuries.

Filicudi was inhabited once again in the Greek age (a few pottery fragments of the VI - V century B.C. from Capo Graziano; small vases from a tomb of the IV century from the Piano del Porto; an inscribed gravestone in Lipari stone from Zucco Grande).

Remains of habitations from the Roman age are still recognisable on the flat land above the beach on the northern side of the Piano del Porto.

From the Christian-Byzantine age there is a group of tombs dug out of the rock, without grave-goods, which came to light on the ridge of the Piano del Porto during exploratory excavations in 1952.

Make sure you visit also the Aeolian Regional Archaeological Museum!

Map of Filicudi and prehistoric sites of interest.Here's a small map I made to show you where pre-historic men decided to live in Filicudi.
Watch it closely... see... today abusive ( aka against the law) building stand over the archeological sites...

One question I'm forced to ask... why the hell there are so many houses over those archeological sites, even if in Filicudi it is forbidden to build anything new since dozens of years? How come authorities and citizens seem blind? The is only one route in Filicudi, and everybody MUST pass in front of buildings. In Filicudi quite every building material is taken there by ferry... how come? Do you know the answer to my question? ;-) Will authorities try at least to arginate the phoenomenon? Will people of Filicudi understand someday that protecting their own land is the best way to obtain easy money from tourists?
See a 3D stereoscopic picture of the panorama from Mount Capo Graziano
Here is again the picture of Filicudi from south. Well... Mount Capo Graziano is the rightmost elevation in this picture..
Capo graziano



 


 

Roberto Zingales. Click to send me an E-Mail!